NAVIGATE TIMELINE BY CLICKING ON THE DATES ABOVE. INCLUDES AMERICAN HISTORY FACTS.

1702
January 20: Le Moyne brothers, Iberville and Bienville, establish French fort and settlement, Fort Louis de la Mobile, on a bluff twenty-seven miles up the Mobile River from Mobile Bay.

1704
October 3: Cassette Girls arrive in Mobile. King Louis XIV pays passage and dowries for twenty-five young women to travel from France on board The Pelican to colony of Louisiana to become wives of colonists. Other cassette girls arrived in 1728.
2007 Archives Week Art

1711
Mobile moved from Twenty-seven Mile Bluff to permanent site at the mouth of the Mobile River.
2007 Archives Week Art

1717
Fort Toulouse on the Coosa River constructed to trade with the Indians and offset influence of British; farthest eastward penetration of the French.

1720
French Louisiana capital moved from Mobile west to Biloxi; then to New Orleans (1722).

1721
Africane sails into Mobile harbor with cargo of over 100 slaves.
2007 Archives Week Art

1724
French Code Noir extended from French West Indies to North American colonies, institutionalizing slavery in Mobile area.

1756 .. 1763
Seven Years War (French and Indian War) won by Great Britain. France ceded territorial claims east of the Mississippi River to Britain and those west of the River (including New Orleans) to Spain; Great Britain returned war-captured Cuba to Spain for Florida, which was divided into West Florida (including Mobile) and East Florida (the peninsula).
2007 Archives Week Art

1775 .. 1783
American Revolution creates United States of America governed by the Articles of Confederation.

1780
March 14: Spanish capture Mobile during American Revolution and retain the West and East Floridas as part of war-ending treaty.

1787
United States Constitution written.

1790
Creek Indians, led by Alexander McGillivray, negotiate the Treaty of New York with the U.S. government. The treaty ceded Creek territory in Georgia to the new nation, and acknowledged Indian rights in western Georgia and Alabama.
2007 Archives Week Art

1793
Eli Whitney invents cotton gin.
2007 Archives Week Art

1797 .. 1799
U.S. Surveyor General Andrew Ellicott makes survey that establishes U.S. claims for its southern boundary with Spanish West Florida at the 31st parallel. Ellicott's Stone is placed north of Mobile in 1799 to mark the 31st parallel.

1798
Mississippi Territory organized from Georgia's western land claims, including Alabama.

1799
May 5: U.S. Army Lieutenant John McClary takes possession of Fort St. Stephens from the Spanish, and the United States flag is raised for the first time on soil that would eventually belong to Alabama.

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