Document 1 transcript Return address: Tuscumbia July 19th Addressed to: Thomas Weldon Powell esqr } Hendersonville, } Nottoway } County } Virginia Mail (Page 1) Franklin County Alabama (near Tuscumbia) 12 July 1824 Dear Brother I hasten to acknowledge the receipt of your letter dated 17th March 1824—it was very acceptable but would have been much more so if it had been dated 17th March 1823, and had come to hand twelve months sooner—you acknowledge yourself a bad correspondent which mitigates the crime in some degree and shows a noble spirit to confess our errors; but permit me to say that the apology contained in your letter for being a "bad correspondent" is not entirely satisfactory: but I dismiss the subject hopeing an apology will not hereafter be neces- sary for a good one can hardly be offered for not writing oftener than once in twelve months. I presume from the superscription of your letter (it being directed to Huntsville) that you are not aprised of my having left that section of country—I have removed— seventy five miles lower down the Tenn. River—I am now in the County of Franklin on the south bank of the river at the foot of the Muscle Shoals within four miles of the Town of Tuscumbia and within eight miles of the town of Florence the first of which is on the south side the river—the latter on the north something like Manchester and Richmond in Va.—they are even now places of great trade and considera- -ble importance but are waging an eternal war against each other—which will eventually predominate is at this time uncertain. It is only four miles west of me to the Chickasaw nation—here are Game and fish in abundance which may be procured with but little trouble to those who are fond of the chase or at a small expence to those not fond of hunting. A fine Turkey or Venison ham (not Rams hams as imposed on you) may be (Page 2) be had of the Aborigines (who pass my door daily going to town) at 25 cents for either. This section of country is considered the most desirable part of Alabama—indeed it is almost a Paradise—it being entirely below the Muscle Shoals as before observed and consequently at the head of Steamboat navigation—the country is certainly much more healthy than where we were raised—the lands rich and fertile in the extreme, and well adapted to the culture of cotton which you know is the Staple of our country. It is no hard matter to make more than we can pick out by the next planting time besides plenty of corn &etc.—We may be considered nearer market than you are as it costs us less to freight our produce to N. Orleans than it does you to Waggon yours to Petersberg or Richmond: The lands in this neighbourhood sold at the land sales at from 10 to 40 $ per acre—the highest priced lands and of course the best have reverted to Government under the Act of Congress entitled an Act for the relief of Land Purchasers but in fact an Act for the relief of land Speculators—the lands so forfeited will in all probability be again bro.t into market sometime next year when it is hoped they may be had at fair prices, however there are various opinions on this subject—great preparations are making and as we get tolerable prices for our cotton and that in good money, choice tracts may again go high; however the land grabbers are pretty well done over and as the lands are now to be sold for cash instead of a long credit as before, hopes are entertained that they may be had at moderate prices. If you have not abandoned the idea of Alabama and as your pecuniary matters are in all probability much changed since I advised you not to move to Ala. I will suggest for your con- (Page 3) consideration the propriety of your sending as many hands as you can conveaniently purchase and settle them near me where I can superintend them, and then for you to come at some future period. I am informed by letter from Amanda since her marriage that her husband self (torn) Peter intend comeing to this country this fall or Winter. I earnestly rec- -commend them to do so as I think it would greatly promote their interest—She also informs me that our mother is disposed to come here, if so, please assist her in making the necessary arrangements as I am certain it would promote her interest and happiness and ultimately be of considerable (illegible) to us all particularly the younger children—I will come to Va. Myself and assist her in making the necessary arrangements and in moving; therefore encourage her to come. Please inform me what has been done with the land in Cumberland and ^all about that affair? Also inform me what has been done with Standfields suit for the recovery of boy Isham and wheather a final settlement of Grandfathers Es.t has been made, &etc. John H. Hundley a friend of mine will probably call on you sometime in next month on his way to Brunswick to get a bit of a wife—consider him a Gentleman. Inform me how many children your wife has their name sex &etc. Your acquaintance and your wife, [Ealiva](?) were well a short time since? Parson Leigh often preaches in Tuscumbia? It is reported that Eliza [Towne](?) is shortly to be married to a Mr. Bester a baptist minister. Please send your Newspapers after reading them and I.l send you mine in return—This leaves us in good health—may it find you all enjoying a like blessing—Be sure to write on or before the 17th March next. Yours as usual A. Powell
W.A. Powell Letter, SPR163, Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery, Alabama.
Back to Settlement Unit: Lesson 3