Document 4 transcript:
(Page 1) St. Stephens January 8th 1813 Sir A few days after the fall of Fort Mims I wrote you a few lines stating to you that circumstance and the distress of the citizens in this part of the country. I now write you a second letter which I hope you will receive and give an an- swer in return. The troops in this part of the country are now idle as they have just returned from taking tower [tour] through the Indian Nation On the 23rd of December last, General Claiborne with the forces under his command which was composed of the 3rd Regt. the twelve months Volunteers, the mounted Riflemen from the west of Pearle River and the Indi- ans of this part & composing in all eight or nine Hundred-had a small Battle within the Creek Nation at the place called the Holy Ground; they killed about twenty Indians and Negroes on the grounds on the part of the whites one killed and five wounded. (Page 2) Amongst the slain of the Indians was found one of the Shawnee Prophets who was said first to have raised the disturbance with the whites, a singer in the Creek Nation- and the leading prophet of the Creeks was said to have been mortally wounded and dropt a noted gun which was well known. they also destroyed two other small towns Weatherfords & Menacks one Negroe and two squaws were taken prisoners Those credulous savages, through the influence of their Prophets was induced to believe that the wholy ground was their place of saf- ty where they should stand and see the whites and the ground on which they stood fall when ever they would come to attack them. They therefore made it a place of de- posit for all their valuable plunder which was destroyed and taken away and amongst the rest from twelve to fifteen hundred Barrels of corn In the midst of the public square as an ornament to their new town was histed a great number of white scalps of every description from the infant to the grey head. The whites had it in their power to have done much more damage to the Indian had they not (Page 3) have been disappointed by an infamous character who was employed as a contractor and deceived the whole troops in furnish- ing them with provision—they had to live eight or ten day on bread alone and part of the time on parched corn alone. During the campaign I acted as surgeon to the militia and I am now preparing to settle again at the Pine Level and return to my private practice which is much more agreeable than taking campaigns through the Indian Nation or warfaring. Give my compli- ments to my sister and Brother tell them that I shall not go to Carolina this season and if I do not get married it is probable that I shall go and see them in the spring. Yours with all due Respect etc. Neal Smith Recv'd James Smiley
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