This regiment was organized at Talladega, in April 1861, and reported to Gen. Leadbetter at Chattanooga shortly after. It then moved up to Knoxville, where it was brigaded under Gen. Barton, Stevenson's division. The regiment was at the investment of Cumberland Gap, and took part in the fight at Tazewell. With Gen. E.K. Smith's column it was in the Kentucky campaign, without coming up with the enemy. When the forces came back, it was permanently brigaded with the Twentieth, Twenty-third, Thirtieth, and Forty-sixth Alabama, and under Gen. Tracy of Madison. In December, the Thirty-first accompanied Stevenson's division to Vicksburg. In May 1863 it was initiated into the sternest duties of war at Port Gibson, where the regiment suffered severely. It fought at Baker's Creek, and the loss was very heavy. As part of the garrison of Vicksburg, the regiment shared in the dangers and privations of that siege, and, after losing a number killed and wounded, was surrendered with the fortress. Placed in parole camp at Demopolis, the Thirty-first was soon exchanged. With Gen. Pettus in command of the brigade, the regiment joined the army of Tennessee, and was engaged with slight loss at Mission Ridge. It wintered at Dalton, and in the memorable campaign from Dalton to Atlanta it bore a full share in the dangers and hardships which have made it a bloody but proud page in Southern annals. It followed Gen. Hood into Tennessee, and after sustaining severe losses at Columbia and Nashville, was the rear-guard of the retreating army. Transferred to North Carolina, the regiment was hotly engaged at Bentonville, and a fragment of the 1100 with which it entered the service stacked arms at Greensboro, as part of Pettus' brigade.
Colonels - Daniel R. Hundley of Madison; wounded and captured at Port Gibson; captured at Big Shanty, Ga.
Lieut. Colonel - Thomas M. Arrington of Montgomery.
Major - G.W. Mattison of Shelby; wounded at New Hope.
Adjutants - Joseph J. Nix of Talladega; transferred to line. John W. Shorter of Georgia; captured at Baker Creek; resigned. Wm. M. Garrard of Georgia.
Cherokee - Isaac Moragne; resigned. .... Pickens; resigned. W.L. Hughes; wounded at Jonesboro.
Cherokee - Marshall Alexander; resigned. J.J. Nix; wounded and captured at Baker's Creek; wounded at Jonesboro. Lieut. Bagley commanded; killed at Bentonville.
Shelby - James Cobb; resigned. .... Shelby resigned. Robert Pruitt.
Calhoun - E. Thompson; resigned. Jorn Ross.
Talladega - .... Carter; resigned. G.W. Watts; resigned; F.M. Shouse.
Talladega - Robert McKibben.
Talladega - Wm. S. Chapman; resigned. Robert A. Hardie; resigned. W.H. Hancock; transferred. W.J. Rhodes; wounded at Kinston and Bentonville.
Randolph - Augustus A. West; resigned. Andrew Reeves; resigned. James L. Williams; captured at Mission Ridge.
Montgomery - John M. Shields; resigned. S.L. Arrington; died in the service. L.W. Vick.
Shelby - J.L. Reeves; made surgeon. John W. Pitts; resigned. Samuel Morgan; resigned. J. McClanahan.