First Alabama Battalion
of Artillery

This command was recruited at Mobile, Montgomery, Selma, and Eufaula, as part of the "Army of Alabama," and was organized about the first of 1861, at Fort Morgan. In the spring the command was transferred to the Confederate government as "regulars." Stationed at Fort Morgan and its dependencies, the battalion attained a high degree of discipline, in so much that the federal Gen. Granger pronounced it the most perfect body of either army. Detachments of it manned the heavy artillery at Forts Gaines and Powell, and rendered effective service. During the terrific bombardment of Fort Morgan, the battalion, "moved by no weak fears," handled the guns till they were all knocked out of position, losing 150 killed and wounded of about 500 engaged. The men were taken to Elmira, N. Y., where fully half died of smallpox; and the officers to Fort Warren.


Field and Staff.*

Lieut. Colonels -- Robert C. Forsyth of Mobile; resigned. James T. Gee of Dallas; captured at Fort Morgan.

Majors -- S. S. Tucker;** died in the service. James T. Gee of Dallas; promoted. J. M. Cary of Barbour; captured at Fort Morgan.


Captains, and Counties from Which the Companies Came.

"A" -- Wm. Walker of Mobile; died in the service. Wm. B. Hughes of Montgomery wounded and captured at Fort Morgan.

"B" -- John J. Winston of Greene; resigned. Wm. Wellborn of Barbour. Frederick S. Ferguson of Macon; captured at Fort Morgan.

"C" -- James T. Gee; promoted. J. M. Carey; promoted. N. J. Smith of Perry; wounded and captured at Fort Morgan.

"D" -- Junius A. Law of Macon; resigned. Lee Hammond of Madison; captured at Fort Morgan.

"E" -- J. Q. Loomis of Coosa; resigned. J. W. Whiting of Montgomery; captured at Fort Morgan.

"F" -- Edwin Wallace of Madison; relieved. W. R. Julian of Franklin; resigned. R. N. Campbell of Marengo; captured at Fort Morgan.


*Majors Tucker and Gee commanded for a year or two before a lieutenant colonel was appointed.
**Gen. Tucker was a native of Vermont, and a graduate of West Point. He served with distinction in Mexico and Nicaragua, and his commission as major general arrived a few days after his death.

http://www.archives.state.al.us/referenc/alamilor/1al_artl.html
Revised: 3/28/97