Excerpts from The German Artist Who Designed the Confederate Flag and Uniform
By: Edgar Erskine Hume
The American-German Review
- " I could draw and paint a fairly recognizable likeness when I was six or seven years old,
and knew how to criticize a picture." pp 6
- This record is but fragmentary, as are those of so many confederate soldiers. Claims (e.g.,
the Louisville Courier-Journal of February 13, 1938) to the effect that Nicola Marschall
was a First Lieutenant of Engineers in the Confederate States Army, are therefore
exaggerations, though the further statement that his work consisted "mainly of making
sketches of Federal defenses, planning bridges and fortifications" is doubtless correct.
Perhaps Marschall might have seen somewhat more active military service had he been
assigned to some other command. pp 8
- The Alabama Legislature on March 31, 1931, appointed a committee to investigate the
conflicting claims and their conclusion was contained in a resolution adopted by the State
House and Senate, each designating Mr. Marschall as the real designer and maker of the
first flag of the Confederate States. pp 8
- On May 30, 1931, there was dedicated a marble tablet in the rotunda of the State Capitol
at Montgomery, Alabama commemorating the raising of the first Confederate flag. The
tablet is inscribed:
"From the dome of this Building, the First Capital, floated the First Flag of the
Confederacy, known as the 'Stars and Bars,' designed by Nicola Marschall, of
Marion, Ala., at the suggestion of Mrs, Napoleon Lockett of the place,
Adopted by the Confederate Congress, March 4, 1861, and raised that day
by Miss Letitia Tyler, grand-daughter of former U.S. President John Tyler."
- On the seventy-fourth anniversary of the adoption and unfurling of the first Confederate
flag, a memorial to Nicola Marschall was unveiled in Marion, Alabama, March 4, 1935.
The ceremony was all that could have been expected, with the parade of the cadets of the
Marion Military Institute, the band playing Dixie, the presence of Marschall's two
daughters and descendants of Mrs. Sumter Lea, whose silk dress furnished the material for
the first Stars and Bars. pp 39
In Honor of
- The Memorial for Nicola Marschall in Marion, Alabama:
Who Designed at Marion, Alabama
The Stars and Bars
First Official Flag Adopted
by the Confederate States
Montgomery, Ala., March 4, 1861.
Then raised over Dome of that
first Confederate Capitol.
He also Designed
The Confederate Uniform. pp 40